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Going to Taman Safari 2 Tomorrow

A good news from Dad for me and mom: we are going to Taman Safari 2 (Safari Park) tomorrow (1 October 2009).

Mom and me are so happy because I heard many interesting things outthere. It'd be the first time I'll see many wild animal in a real-world like situation.

You may expect many photos would be taken from tomorrow's trip.

If dad and mom permit me, I'd like to take picture with lions or komodo. I'm doubtful that would be possible.

I hope everything is ok today and tomorrow so I can really enjoy the trip with everyone involved.

What is Taman Safari 2 or Safari Park?

A safari park is a zoo-like commercial tourist attraction where visitors can drive in their own vehicles and observe the wildlife, rather than viewing animals in cages or small enclosures. The main attraction is large animals from Sub-Saharan Africa such as giraffes, lions, rhinoceros, elephants, zebras, and antelope.
Giraffes being fed by visitors in the West Midland Safari Park

A safari park, while larger than a zoo, is usually a very small area compared to game reserves in Africa. For example, African Lion Safari near Cambridge, Ontario, Canada is 750 acres, or 3 square kilometers. For comparison, Lake Nakuru in the Rift Valley, is 168 square kilometers, and a typical large game reserve is Tsavo East, also in Kenya, which encompasses 11,747 square kilometers.

Safari parks often have other associated tourist attractions: golf courses, carnival rides, miniature trains, and gift shops.[1]

In Indonesia, there are only two Safar Park or Taman Safari as we call it. They are Taman Safari 1 and Taman Safari 2.

Taman Safari 1 located in Cibeureum, Cisarua, Bogor, Jawa Barat(West Java). While Taman Safari 2 located in Prigen, Pandaan, Jawa Timur (East Java). It's the Taman Safari 2 that we wanted to visit tomorrow.

How to go to the location of Taman Safari 2?

To reach our park without facing traffic jam you can across the closest alternative road. You have to prepare a little bit more time through this alternative road because you have to pass some cities to reach Taman safari Indonesia II. If you are from Surabaya or Juanda Airport the alternative road that you can pass are Surabaya/Juanda Airport – Waru – Trosobo – Krian – Mojokerto – Mojosari – Gempol – Pandaan – Taman Safari Indonesia II. Or you may able to pass Surabaya/Juanda Airport – waru – Krian – Prambon – Mojosari – Ngoro – Gempol – Pandaan – Taman Safari Indonesia II.[2]

The Gate at Taman Safari 2 Prigen Pandaan Jawa Timur

taman safari 2 prigen pandaan jatim



About Me:
I am a 267 days / 8 months, 3 weeks & 6 days old baby

Newborn Hearing Screening

It is important to know that many babies need a repeat screening test. It does not necessarily mean your baby has a hearing loss. A newborn with normal hearing may fail the first screening due to debris in the ear canal, fluid in the middle ear or moving/crying during the test.[1]

When should I have my baby's hearing screened?

Your baby should have a hearing screening within the first month of life. If hearing loss is suspected, make sure a hearing expert, called an audiologist (aw-dee-AH-luh-jist) tests your baby's hearing by 3 months of age. If hearing loss is confirmed, it's important to consider the use of hearing devices and other communication options by 6 months of age.[2]


Many hospitals automatically screen all newborns for hearing loss. Some screen only those newborns at high risk for hearing loss, such as babies with a family history of deafness or hearing problems, low birth weight, or certain other medical conditions. Even if your baby doesn't have risk factors, being screened is important, because many children with no risk factors have hearing loss. Even children whose parents and grandparents hear normally may be born with a hearing loss.

The High-Risk Factors

According to the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) 2000 Position Statement, the risk factors for newborns are as follows:

* Family history of permanent childhood sensorineural hearing loss
* In utero infection such as cytomegalovirus, rubella toxoplasmosis, or herpes
* Craniofacial anomalies, including those with morphological abnormalities of the pinna and ear canal
* Neonatal indicators, specifically hyperbilirubinemia at a serum level requiring exchange transfusion, persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) associated with mechanical ventilation, and conditions requiring the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
* Postnatal infections associated with sensorineural hearing loss, including bacterial meningitis
* Stigmata or other findings associated with a syndrome known to include a sensorineural or conductive hearing loss or eustachian tube dysfunction
* Syndromes associated with progressive hearing loss such as neurofibromatosis, osteopetrosis, and Usher syndrome
* Neurodegenerative disorders, such as Hunter syndrome, or sensory motor neuropathies, such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome
* Parental or caregiver concern regarding hearing, speech, language, and/or developmental delay
* Head trauma
* Recurrent or persistent otitis media with effusion lasting for at least 3 months.[4]

Photo courtesy:

Newborn Hearing Screening

[3] ibid

About Me:
I am a 266 days / 8 months, 3 weeks & 5 days old baby

Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS)

Meaning and definition

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) or Battered Baby Syndrome (or Shaken impact syndrome; Whiplash - shaken infant) is a form of child abuse that occurs when an abuser violently shakes an infant or small child, creating a whiplash-type motion that causes acceleration-deceleration injuries.

The concept of SBS was initially described by Dr. John Caffey, a radiologist.[1]

SBS is often fatal and can cause severe brain damage, resulting in lifelong disability. Estimated death rates (mortality) among infants with SBS range from 15 to 38%; the median is 20–25%. Up to half of deaths related to child abuse are reportedly due to shaken baby syndrome.[2]

Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome

Of course, the most important tip to prevent shaken baby syndrome is to never shake your baby or young child.

Having a baby that is continually crying for hours and hours can be very frustrating, especially for new moms and dads. If you feel that your baby is crying too much and you are not able to cope with it, get help immediately.[3]


In most cases, an angry parent or caregiver shakes the baby to punish or quiet the child. Such shaking usually takes place when the infant is crying inconsolably and the frustrated caregiver loses control. Many times the caregiver did not intend to harm the baby. Still, it is a form of child abuse.[4]


The symptoms can vary from mild to severe. They may include:

* Convulsions (seizures)
* Decreased alertness
* Extreme irritability or other changes in behavior
* Lethargy, sleepiness, not smiling
* Loss of consciousness
* Loss of vision
* No breathing
* Pale or bluish skin
* Poor feeding, lack of appetite
* Vomiting[5]

shaken baby syndrome


[2] ibid
[5] ibid
About Me:
I am a 265 days / 8 months, 3 weeks & 4 days old baby

Baby Thrush

Baby thrush, or, infant thrush is an overgrowth of Candida Albicans yeast in the baby’s mouth.

As a matter of fact, it’s the same infection that causes diaper rash! In other words, thrush is a yeast infection of the mouth.[1]

This yeast, called candida, normally lives within our mouth, intestines, and genital area. It thrives in moist, warm environments. Occasionally this yeast is allowed to overgrow so much it becomes visible as white patches.[2]

Thrush is a very mild infection that causes white patches to coat the inside of the cheeks and tongue of your baby. These patches cannot be easily wiped off and do not come off in-between feedings (like formula might). It is caused by a yeast infection and is easily cleared up with a prescription medicine called Nystatin.[3]

How do I know if my baby has thrush?
You’ll recognize thrush by the characteristic whitish, milky spots or patches inside the cheeks, inside the lips, on the gums or on baby’s tongue.

Thrush can also appear as a thick white coating on the tongue.[4]

Treatment of Thrush In Babies

Treatment consists of coating the baby's mouth with a medicine such as nystatin suspension or miconazole of clotrimazole gels three to four times a day for five to seven days. Mothers with symptoms of yeast infections should be treated in their last three months of pregnancy.

In the rare case where this treatment fails, a single dose of the oral fungicide Diflucan can be used.

Thrush is easy to treat and is harmless if treated properly.

Thrush found in the mouth of children over 6 months of age may indicate an immune deficiency, and should be checked by a physician.[5]

thrush in baby


About Me:
I am a 264 days / 8 months, 3 weeks & 3 days old baby

Baby Boy Growth Chart

The following is a Baby Boy Growth Chart from day one to 36 months or three years.

Keep in mind, the chart is made in the west by Western doctor. It should suit those who are born from Western parents as far as height is concerned.

So, I don't think you should be worried if your son's height is not as tall as projected in the chart as genetics play a very pivotal role in a person height.

About Me:
I am a 263 days / 8 months, 3 weeks & 2 days old baby

Mom's Diarrhea Cured

Glad to see that mom's diarrhea is cured today after she's going to nearby pediatrician and got some medication and proper advice.

Now, she's feeling well as far as her diarrhea goes. Other problems, however, are still there: the stomach problem, low blood pressure and fever.

Dad says low blood pressure is common among pregnant women and for that mom consumes drugs consists of vitamins and others.

While the stomach ache is still under treatment.

About Me:
I am a 262 days / 8 months, 3 weeks & 1 days old baby

Mom Goes to Pediatrician

Finally mom budges to dad's advice to go to pediatrician after initial rejection.

Dad convinces her that her diarrhea may not be serious; but it could be fatal if left unchecked.

So, after maghrib she went to pediatrician Bu Wahyu, about 100 meters from home to check her diarrhea problem.

The result is mom is prohibited to eat almost everything except porridge and bread (without sugar).

She cannot eat any fruits, ordinary rice and any other foods.

I wish she gets well soon.

About Me:
I am a 261 days / 8 months, 3 weeks old baby

Mom Got Diarrhea

Yesterday, mom and dad eat mango so much forotten that eating too much mango is not recommended for mom who got stomach problem.

In the middle of the nigh the stomach problem comes. It's so painful, she said. She got diarrhea as well.

Dad advises her to come to a nurse nearby to have a proper advice from Bu Wahyu, the nurse name.

But mom refuses citing may be the pain will stop.

But the diarrhea doesn't want to stop until the next day.

I wish mom listen to dad's advice. Diarrhea and vomitting could be dangerous, so some people say.

About Me:
I am a 260 days / 8 months, 2 weeks & 6 days old baby

Back from Gramma's House

Dad is coming to pick me up from Gramma's house where I stay for one night as part of weekly routine.

Dad is supposed to come after Friday prayer, but since mom is asked to accompany mbah Zubaidah (gramma's sister), dad has to delay his coming until around 5 pm.

After coming home again, dad kisses me again and again. He seems missing me a lot for one night separation. I know that and pretend sleeping and careless. The fact is I am so happy.

About Me:
I am a 259 days / 8 months, 2 weeks & 5 days old baby

Sleep Over at Kepanjen

The routine is back. Several weeks after Idul Fitri 2009 I and mom restart the weekly routine: sleep over at gramma's house from Thursday to Friday.

This routine was not done during Ramadan this year as Dad objected to that citing that during Ramadan all family--meaning dad, mom and me--should be together all the time.

Gramma loves me so much. She's the one who took care of me from the first day I was born. And kept taking care of me until I reached one month of age when she thought mom is able to take the charge to take care of me.

So, it's dilemmatic on dad's part to object to gramma's request on the weekly routine sleep over thing.

Deep inside, dad does want to say 'no' to this gramma's 'order' as he thinks it's a family distraction, so to say. But, well, let's give gramma a chance to be happy. That's what dad says whenever I said I wanted to be with dad.

Actually, I oftentimes give a hint to gramma that I don't like so much staying at Kauman, Kepanjen, by crying a lot whenever I stay there. Gramma, however, thinks the opposite reason for my 'colic' behaviour: I should be more often coming over to Kauman so that I feel more at home there.

One day when I am able to talk, I'll let gramma know about this.

farzan kantor pln malang
farzan dalam MOG GIANT malang

About Me:
I am a 258 days / 8 months, 2 weeks & 4 days old baby.

Anemia in Children

I am a 257 days / 8 months, 2 weeks & 3 days old baby

People become anemic when red blood cells don't carry enough oxygen to the tissues in their body. Various conditions can cause anemia, including an inherited illness called sickle cell anemia, but iron deficiency is the most common cause.[1]


Anemia is the condition in which there is an abnormally low amount of normal red blood cells in the body. The red blood cells are the oxygen carrying cells, so when there are low numbers of them, the body has to work harder as a whole to get enough oxygen with the limited number of red blood cells it has.[2]

Is it dangerous?

It can be. In addition to the symptoms mentioned above, a child who's anemic could suffer permanent mental and physical problems. (While an iron deficiency can be corrected, the mental and physical impairment is not always reversible.) Iron deficiency also makes kids more susceptible to lead poisoning and infection.[3]


Baby Asthma

I am a 256 days / 8 months, 2 weeks & 2 days old baby

Asthma (also called reactive airway disease) is a common problem in infants and children. The most common symptoms include coughing, wheezing and difficulty breathing, which is caused by inflammation and tightness in the breathing tubes of the lungs.[1]


If your baby has asthma, you'll want to work with his doctor to develop a strategy for preventing and dealing with asthma attacks. First figure out what triggers the attacks and then do your best to help your child avoid those triggers. Some children have attacks only when they have a cold, for example, while others have attacks after coming into contact with an allergen or an irritant like cigarette smoke.[2]




I am a 255 days / 8 months, 2 weeks & 1 day old baby

Meaning and Definition

Epilepsy is a brain disorder that makes a person prone to having seizures. Nerve cells in the brain are constantly sending electrical signals to each other. When the normal process is interrupted — or when the signals suddenly fire at the same time — it can cause a seizure, resulting in a sudden change in consciousness, movement, or sensation. It's not painful, but it can be very upsetting.[1]


Specially trained doctors called pediatric neurologists try to identify the cause of seizures in newborns and infants. Commonly recognized causes of epilepsy before the age of 1 year include:

* Newborn illnesses (lack of oxygen, infection, hemorrhage, etc.)
* Abnormal brain development in the womb
* Genetic disorders
* Encephalitis (an infection of the brain)
* Meningitis (an infection of the membranes covering the brain)
* Febrile illness related seizures (febrile seizures)[2]


The treatment of seizures in newborns and infants is determined by the type of seizure and its cause. In some cases, no therapy is needed because the seizure is an isolated event, such as a single seizure associated with a high fever. In very rare cases, replacement of a missing nutrient can stop further seizures, as in low blood sugar levels or a calcium or vitamin B6 deficiency in a newborn.

But most of the time, babies who have epilepsy must be treated with seizure medicines. As with any other age group, doctors try to balance the benefits of seizure control against the risks of adverse effects from the medicines.[3]

epilepsy baby


[3] ibid

Hay Fever

I am a 254 days / 8 months, 2 weeks old baby

Hay fever is a misnomer. Hay is not a usual cause of this problem, and it does not cause fever. Early descriptions of sneezing, nasal congestion, and eye irritation while harvesting field hay promoted this popular term. Allergic rhinitis is the correct term used to describe this allergic reaction, and many different substances cause the allergic symptoms noted in hay fever.[1]

Hay fever is an allergic reaction. It is your immune system's response to foreign material in the air you breathe. Hay fever usually refers to allergies to outdoor, airborne materials such as pollens and molds.

About 15-20% of the population of the United States has some degree of hay fever. It is found equally in both men and women. Usually hay fever is seasonal, but it can last all year long if the allergen stays throughout the year.[2]

Hay Fever in the USA

Hay fever affects up to 30% of all Americans, including up to 40% of children and 10%-30% of adults. Over $1 billion is spent each year in this country to treat this disorder, and millions of school and work days each year are lost by sufferers of hay fever symptoms.[1]

Hayfever in UK

Hayfever, also known as seasonal allergic rhinitis, is a very common condition that affects two in every 10 people in the UK. It is caused by an allergy to airborne substances such as grass or hay pollen, which affects the upper respiratory passages (nose, sinus, throat and eyes).[4]


The best treatment for allergies is to avoid what your child is allergic to by following the environmental controls described below.

Although food allergies are not a common trigger for hayfever, if you notice that your child's allergy symptoms always get worse after being exposed to certain foods, then you should avoid those foods. The most common foods that can cause allergies include: milk, eggs (especially egg yolks), peanuts, soybeans, tree nuts, seafood, and wheat.[5]

hay fever baby



I am a 253 days / 8 months, 1 week & 6 days old baby

Autism is a disorder of neural development that is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. These signs all begin before a child is three years old. Autism involves many parts of the brain; how this occurs is not well understood. The two other autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are Asperger syndrome, which lacks delays in cognitive development and language, and PDD-NOS, diagnosed when full criteria for the other two disorders are not met.[1]

In a simpler term autism causes kids to experience the world differently from the way most other kids do. It's hard for kids with autism to talk with other people and express themselves using words. Kids who have autism usually keep to themselves and many can't communicate without special help.[2]

The cause of autism is not known. Autism lasts throughout a person's lifetime. There is no cure, but treatment can help. Treatments include behavior and communication therapies and medicines to control symptoms.[3]



Massaged by Pak Giman Ngipik Kanigoro

I am a 252 days / 8 months, 1 week & 5 days old baby

I have been a bit fussy these last two days. Crying at night every now and then.

Thus makes me a bit disturbing baby to my baby sitter, mbak Mina and mbak Muthi'ah with whom I sleep at night. I forgot to tell you that since three days ago, I no longer sleep with mom at night. I am trained not too much dependent on mom so as to be prepared when the would-be younger sister is born someday.

Back to my fussiness, so mom and dad concluded that I'm too tired and massages.

Thus, dad phoned Pak Giman, the masseur, to our home.

After that, strangely, I am able to sleep comfortably for very long long time. I sleep all day and hopefully all night tonight.


Now, the baby massage is good so far as I am concerned. What about from medical perspective? It's ok too, as explained here:

If you have already gotten your baby used to receiving massages, you can continue to do them and increase the amount of time you do them. Rub your hands together before starting the massage so that your hands are warm. You can start to use special baby oils but do not use talcum powders or colognes.

Watch the Video when Pak Giman massaged me previously

Baby Photos with Cousin: Mbak Zahra

I am a 251 days / 8 months, 1 week & 4 days old baby

Full Name: Fatimatuz Zahroh

Nickname: Zahra

Father's name: Mohammad Aminuddin Kholis son of Ustadz Abdullah Kamal Mufid

Mother's name: Rusyda Kamila daughter of Ustadz Kamilun Muhtadin (former Kepala Diknas Malang).

Yes, you are right. Mbak Zahra and Mbak A'yun are siblings.

Mbak Zahra is mbak A'yun's younger sister. She's about 12 months baby. Four months older than me.

These are her pictures with me taken by mom

Baby Photo with Cousin: Mbak Ayun

I am a 250 days / 8 months, 1 week & 3 days old baby

Part of baby photos with cousin series

Full name: Qurrotu A'yun

Father: Muhammad Aminuddin Kholis bin Ustadz Abdullah Kamal Mufid

Mother: Kamila binti Kamilun

As you may notice, my cousinship with mbak A'yun is coming from her father pak de (uncle) Udin who is mom's elder brother.

Mbak A'yun is the oldest children in the family. She's a beautiful little girl and is so nice to me as well.

These are the photos of her with me in Mbah Umi (gramma)'s house

farzan with a'yun binti udin
farzan with a'yun binti udin

Premature Babies

I am a 249 days / 8 months, 1 week & 2 days old baby

Premature Babies also called: Preemies

A premature baby, or preemie, is born before the 37th week of pregnancy. Premature birth occurs in between 8 percent to 10 percent of all pregnancies in the United States. Because they are born too early, preemies weigh much less than full-term babies. They may have health problems because their organs did not have enough time to develop. Preemies need special medical care in a neonatal intensive care unit, or NICU. They stay there until their organ systems can work on their own.[1]

The risk factors

Among the risk factors that may increase your chances of having a premature baby include:

* Having delivered a previous premature baby, which puts you at a 20-40% of having another premature baby.
* Multiple gestation pregnancies, such as twins, triplets, etc. The risk increases with each additional fetus.
* Placental abruptions and placenta previa are two causes of bleeding that can lead to a premature delivery.
* Having too much (polyhydramnios) or too little (oligohydramnios) amniotic fluid.
* Infections during pregnancy, especially if they spread to the uterus or placenta.
* Diabetes.
* High blood pressure.
* Preeclampsia, which causes maternal high blood pressure, proteinuria (spilling protein in your urine), and swelling.
* Maternal smoking or use of illicit drugs.
* Maternal malnutrition, especially if it leads to poor weight gain during pregnancy.
* Fibroids, an abnormally shaped uterus and cervical incompetence.
* Becoming pregnant while being treated for infertility, having a previous abortion in the 2nd trimester, and not having prenatal care.
* Problems with the fetus can also lead to a premature delivery, including infections, poor growth and certain birth defects.[2]

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of imminent spontaneous preterm birth are signs of premature labor; such signs consists of four or more uterine contractions in one hour before 37 weeks' gestation. In contrast to false labor, true labor is accompanied by cervical shortening and effacement. Also, vaginal bleeding in the third trimester, heavy pressure in the pelvis, or abdominal or back pain could be indicators that a preterm birth is about to occur. A watery discharge from the vagina may indicate premature rupture of the membranes that surround the baby. While the rupture of the membranes may not be followed by labor, usually delivery is indicated as infection (chorioamnionitis) is a real threat to both, fetus and mother. In some cases the cervix dilates prematurely without pain or perceived contractions, so that the mother may not have warning signs until very late in the birthing process.[1]

Picture courtesy:

premature babies


Sneezing Baby

I am a 248 days / 8 months, 1 week & 1 day old baby

A sneezing baby is normal. I bet you did not expect that. All new born babies sneeze to clear their nose. This is because they are what we call "obligate nose breathers." They sneeze to clear their nose; however, repetitive sneezing suggest you should suction the nose.[1]

Having a stuffy nose or occasionally sneezing is very common in newborns and is usually caused by irritation from dry air, smoke, or dust. Try to eliminate common irritants. You can also try using a humidifier or salt water nose drops as treatment.[2]



Baby Photo with Cousin: Mas Kia

I am a 247 days / 8 months & 1 week old baby
Part of baby photos with cousin series

Full name: Kana Abdullah Ghulaman Zakia, known simply as Kia

Number in family: the second children

Father: Kyai Ustadz Badrul Munib

Mother: Ibu Nyai Alvi Hidayati binti Ustadz Abdullah Kamal Mufid

Mas Kia cousinship with me comes from his mother who is mom's elder sister.

He's a bit naughty boy and funny at the same time.

Here are my photos with him

Pyloric Stenosis

I am a 246 days / 8 months & 6 days old baby

Pyloric stenosis (or infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis) is a condition that causes severe vomiting in the first few months of life. There is narrowing (stenosis) of the opening from the stomach to the intestines, due to enlargement (hypertrophy) of the muscle surrounding this opening (the pylorus, meaning "gate"), which spasms when the stomach empties.

It is uncertain whether there is a real congenital narrowing or whether there is a functional hypertrophy of the muscle which develops in the first few weeks of life.[1]

The causes of IHPS are multifactorial. Both environmental factors and hereditary factors are believed to be contributory. Possible etiologic factors include deficiency of nitric oxide synthase containing neurons, abnormal myenteric plexus innervation, infantile hypergastrinemia, and exposure to macrolide antibiotics.[2]

If a diagnosis of pyloric stenosis is made, the baby will have some blood work done to check for dehydration. A catheter will be placed into the vein (IV) to replace fluids that the baby needs. The baby may go to surgery that day or the following day. It is very important that the baby not drink anything until after surgery.

The operation is called a pyloromyotomy (pie-lore-oh-my-ot-toe-me). This operation spreads open the muscle around the pyloric valve of the stomach. The incision is about 1 inch long either right around the belly button or on the right hand side of the abdomen. Stitches that dissolve are used, so they won’t have to be removed later.

Feedings will start slowly . Your nurse will tell you when to start. The amount of breast milk or formula will be limited at first and will be increased with each feed. A few episodes of vomiting shortly after surgery are not uncommon but resolve quickly.[3]


Prenatal Hydronephrosis

I am a 245 days / 8 months & 5 days old baby

The term prenatal hydronephrosis refers to dilation of the renal collecting system. The collecting system is the structure that collects urine directly from the kidney tissue and routes it by way of the ureter to the bladder. Hydronephrosis is also known as "swelling of the kidney".

Routine use of maternal ultrasound has become more prevalent during the past decade allowing for urologists and pediatricians alike to be informed of possible kidney defects before birth.[1]

Causes of prenatal hydronephrosis can include a ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction (most common), vesicoureteral reflux, megaureter, or posterior urethral valves (found in males who may also have a dilated bladder on prenatal ultrasound).[2]


Hydronephrosis is typically diagnosed before birth in a prenatal ultrasound. It also may be suspected in a child who experiences a urinary tract infection or abdominal pain.

The most important diagnostic test is the ultrasound. This can show how dilated the kidney is, whether both kidneys are involved, and whether the ureter is also dilated or the bladder is distended. Additionally, the ultrasound can give valuable information about the appearance of the functioning part of the kidney.[3]

Treatment Options

Sometimes, hydronephrosis goes away without treatment. Often, mild cases do not adversely affect kidney function and require only monitoring. Treatment is required only when kidney function is impaired or the kidney becomes greatly enlarged. The underlying cause of hydronephrosis determines the course of treatment.[4]

[4] ibid

Baby Jaundice

I am a 244 days / 8 months & 4 days old baby

Jaundice is an illness that can happen in the first few days of a baby's life. It turns your baby's skin, eyes and mouth a yellow color. The yellow color is caused by bilirubin.

Bilirubin is made when the body breaks down old red blood cells.

This is a normal process that happens all through life. Bilirubin goes to the liver, where it is changed again. Then it goes into the intestines and the kidneys, and then it goes out of the body. If too much bilirubin builds up in your baby's body, it makes a yellow color called jaundice. Jaundice is common in babies and is usually not serious.[1]

Types of Jaundice

The most common types of jaundice are:

Physiological (normal) jaundice: occurring in most newborns, this mild jaundice is due to the immaturity of the baby's liver, which leads to a slow processing of bilirubin. It generally appears at 2 to 4 days of age and disappears by 1 to 2 weeks of age.

Jaundice of prematurity: occurs frequently in premature babies since they are even less ready to excrete bilirubin effectively.

Breastfeeding jaundice: jaundice can occur when a breastfeeding baby is not getting enough breast milk because of difficulty with breastfeeding or because the mother's milk isn’t in yet.[2]


It is usually treated by frequent feedings and the use of bilirubin lights in severe cases. Your doctor will be able to tell if treatments is necessary by examining your baby or doing a blood test.

If your baby is yellow on his face and upper part of his chest, then you may place him in front of a window for ten to fifteen minutes 3-4 times each day. The sunlight (and ultraviolet light if it is cloudy) helps to convert the bilirubin that makes his skin yellow into another substance that can pass in the urine.[3]


Laughing Baby Photos

Mom says I am a rarely laughing baby. I dont know why. That's why whenever I laugh, dad or mom take the picture of it as it the rare moments. I hope I can laugh more often when I grew older. Here's my laughing photo when I am 8 months of age.

baby farzan laughing



Baby Spitting Up

I am a 243 days / 8 months & 3 days old baby

Many babies spit up after eating due to overfeeding or because the valve that closes the upper part of the stomach is immature. It is usually not a concern as long as your baby is gaining weight and it is not causing him to cough or choke).[1]


Feed your baby by placing him or her in an upright position. If you bottle-feed you baby, burp him or her every 3 to 5 minutes. Make sure the hole in the nipple on the bottle is not too large, or milk will come out too fast. Avoid laying your baby down following a feeding or moving him or her around too much before the food settles in the stomach.[2]

Is Spitting Up Normal?

Spitting up is messy, but it is a normal occurrence during your baby's early months. It rarely involves choking, coughing or pain.

However, you should contact your doctor if you notice your baby has the following symptoms:

* Is not gaining weight.
* Spits up a large amount of milk (more than 1 or 2 tablespoons)
* Spits up or vomits forcefully
* Has fewer wet diapers than normal
* Seems very tired or lethargic
* Spits up green or brown liquid[3]

Picture courtesy

spitting up newborn baby


[3] ibid

Baby Dental Cavities

I am a 242 days / 8 months & 2 days old baby

The first teeth will begin coming in between three and sixteen months (usually around six months). The two bottom front teeth will be the first to come in and this will be followed by the four upper teeth in four to eight weeks. The timing of the eruption of the first tooth is largely influenced by genetics, so if there is a family history of getting the first tooth late, then your child will probably also get his first tooth late.[1]

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay, even in the earliest stages of life, can have serious implications for a child’s long-term health and well-being-and it’s becoming more of a problem every day. .. the U.S. Surgeon General has identified tooth decay as the most common childhood disease.[2]

A possible contributor to this trend is the fact that only three out of five children visit a dentist at least once a year. While parents may avoid taking a child to the dentist to save money, studies show that children who have their first dental visit before age one have 40 percent lower dental costs in their first five years than children who don’t, making preventive care a sound health and economic decision.[3]

Causes of cavities

Contrary to popular belief, cavities are not caused by sugar. They are caused by bacteria. Bacteria just happen to LOVE sugar, and consuming it creates an acid, which eats away at enamel, eventually leading to a cavity. There are two important facts you should gather from this statement.

1. Bacteria doesn’t have to have “sugar” in which to survive and multiply. Chips, bread, juice, and milk are not typically considered as evil as candy and other junk food, but that is where they get you! They are sneaky sugars that slip in and attack when defenses are down!
2. Keeping bacteria at bay is a good way to help cut back on acid producing, enamel eating “Sugar Bugs.” So is keeping sugar intake to a minimum.[4]


1. Mothers should reduce their own oral bacterial infection through dental care and effective oral home care during prenatal and postnatal periods.
2. Avoid propping a bottle in the crib.
3. Avoid excessive nighttime bottle or breastfeeding.
4. Try comforting the child with a pacifier or favorite toy or blanket instead of using the bottle or breast as a pacifier.
5. If water is unfloridated, discuss fluoride drops or tablets with the dentist. Fluoride can be obtained with a prescription.
6. Clean a child's teeth as soon as they erupt. Parents should use a damp cloth or a toothbrush to clean the teeth. Cleaning a child's teeth remains the parent's responsibility into the preschool years.
7. Check teeth regularly for any chalky white or brown spots that could be the beginning of decay.
8. Bring the child to the dentist whenever a dental problem is suspected.
9. A child's first visit to the dentist should be made by the first birthday or six months after the first tooth erupts.[5]

baby tooth cavities

[3] ibid

Big Head Baby

I am a 241 days / 8 months & 1 day old baby

I am a big headed baby literally speaking. In my eight months of age, my head circumference is about 47 cm, a 2 cm larger than normal. The good news is it's still within the limit of normal size.

Dad and mom are actually worried about this. Dad is the first who notice the large size of my head. Mom is worried even more when she heard aunty Faizah (dad's sister) saying that my head looks "more than normal".

A day after aunty Faizah's statement, mom went to pediatrician (bidan) Bu Wahyu near our home. The pediatrician says it's ok with me. My big head is what the expert call as benign familial macrocephaly meaning a big head which is genetical. That's reasonable enough, my dad and dad's brother, uncle Ja'far Shodiq has a more than normal head's size. If you don't have a clue about macrocephaly, here's an intro:

Macrocephaly (from the ancient Greek μακρό- macro- long- + -κέφαλος -kephalos -head), occurs when the head is abnormally large; this includes the scalp, the cranial bone, and the contents of the cranium.

...[one of the causes are] benign familial macrocephaly (family tendency toward large head size)

Dad used to be worried that my big headed is caused by hydrocephalus which is very dangerous:

Hydrocephalus is sometimes known as "water on the brain". People with hydrocephalus have abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles, or cavities, of the brain. This may cause increased intracranial pressure inside the skull and progressive enlargement of the head, convulsion, and mental disability. Hydrocephalus can also cause death.

The pediatrician mom visited has assured her that my big head is the benign familial macrocephaly.

That's enough to make dad and mom sleep well at night. I myself just don't understand why they're worried so much.

Eight Months Baby

I am a 240 days / 8 months old baby

Today, 4 October 2009 is the 8th months of my birth day. As I said here, I was born on 4 February 2009 that is eight months ago.

I, like my father and mother, celebrate everytime I reach a new month milestone. Dad particularly thinks that the first year of baby existence is critical and important. I am included.

The fact that I am his first child is actually enough to make my presence greeted like a little king or a Dalai-Lama-like descendant.

Dad, however, reminds mom that even if both love me so much,they have committed not to spoil me. They are pretty clear on one thing that the first good education rule of thumbs is by not spoiling your kids, whatever love you've got to them.

Showing love does not mean spoiling them. On the contrary, loving them should be shown by treating them proportionately.

I am thankful to dad and mom's commitment and love to me.

I wish I could give them the same kindness in return sooner rather than later.


Wedding Party

Today, I also have attended a wedding party of pakde Faqih in Universitas Brawijaya auditorium. Of course, I went there with dad and mom. Along with us were gramma, uncle Lutfi and gramma's sister who mom calls Bude Zubaidah.

Many good foods outthere. Unfortunately, dad and mom prevent me from eating those adult foods. Ok, I can wait for a few years from now.


My eight months photos


I am a 239 days / 7 months 4 weeks & 1 day old baby


Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints, which results in pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited movement. There are over 100 different types of arthritis.[1]

Arthritis may be secondary to an infection in the joint (septic arthritis), juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), or lyme disease. You should see your doctor immediately if your child has joint pain with swelling, especially if it is accompanied by fever.[2]

A new study suggests a baby girl's birth weight could impact her risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis as an adult

Researchers examined the birth weight and medical histories of over 87,000 women between the ages of 30 and 55. They found those who weighed ten pounds or more at birth were twice as likely to be diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis than women born between seven and eight and a half pounds.

Researchers aren't sure why but speculate the abnormal hormone regulation that affects rheumatoid arthritis patients could be started in the womb.[3]



Baby Massage Again

I am a 238 days / 7 months 4 weeks old baby

Today I got massaged again along with mom.

The masseur is Mak Yah, a 60-year-old woman from Singosari, Malang. Singosari is a 40 km away from my home.

So, she's coming from a relatively distant way. We call her up because she's known for her expertise in this massage thing. That's why when she come, we got to be in long ine to get massaged.

All people at mom's big family are in in queue to get massage from her.> Luckily, I and mom got the first turn.

Is massaging baby a good one? Yes, as written here, it is.

If you have already gotten your baby used to receiving massages, you can continue to do them and increase the amount of time you do them. Rub your hands together before starting the massage so that your hands are warm. You can start to use special baby oils but do not use talcum powders or colognes.


We got home when dad picks us up at 4 pm.I also take photos with other cousin from Uncle Udin (Kyai Haji Aminuddin) and aunty Mila binti Kamilun. They are mbak Qurrotu A'yun (A'yun) and mbak Fatimatuz Zahra (Zahra). I'll publish those photos later in other posts.

Meanwhile during in gramma's house, I cried a lot. I don't why. I just wanted it like crazy. Gramma's confused. Mom's is confused as well. I wish I can more well-behaved next time I visit gramma's house.


Today, the Speedy internet connection is disconnected again. The reason is old: Telkom cable is stolen somewhere between Karangsuko-Gondanglegi road.

Functional Abdominal Pain

I am a 237 days / 7 months 3 weeks & 6 days old baby

Functional Abdominal pain (FAP) can be acute pain, meaning it happened all of a sudden, or it can be chronic or long term.[1]

FAP refers to recurrent tummy pain in children that is not caused by any disease process. Pain that is caused by a disease process is called organic pain rather than functional pain.[2]