As a matter of fact, most infant formula milk is fortified with vitamins and minerals so babies who are formula fed are already getting the supplements. Then, the question of giving vitamin supplements to the babies are always in the arguements.

According to the infant formula act in 1980, this act specifies that the minimum nutrient requirements for infant formula. Babies or newborns who are already on formula milk most of the time, in fact are getting all the vitamins and minerals they need, unless there is an underlying medical condition for which supplements would be important, they most likely won't need any.[1]

Vitamin and mineral supplements are not necessary for the average healthy, full-term breastfed baby during the first year. Breastmilk is all that your baby needs for at least the first six months of life. Studies have shown that vitamins, fluoride, iron, water, juice, formula and solid foods are rarely beneficial to healthy breastfed babies during the first six months, and some can even be harmful. There are certain cases where a vitamin supplement may be needed for a breastfed baby during the first year, but these cases are the exception, not the rule (see below for specifics).[2]

Breastfed infants will need extra vitamin D beginning around 6-8 weeks old. This can be given as Tri-Vi-Sol or Poly-Vi-Sol, which can be purchased over the counter. The dose is 1.0 ml per day.

An easy and safe way to give the vitamins is to place an empty nipple in the infant's mouth. Drop the liquid inside the nipple; your baby will suck it down at his/her own rate. Or you can nurse your baby immediately after giving the liquid through the dropper.

Formula fed infants should not need a vitamin.[3]

Vitamin A

Milk and infant formulas are excellent sources of Vitamin A, which is a fat soluble vitamin. A deficiency can occur in children with fat malabsorption or with a very poor diet. Too much Vitamin A can also be harmful.

Vitamin C

Although many parents exceed the recommended daily requirements of Vitamin C to prevent colds and upper respiratory tract infections, there is little research that supports this practice. Too little Vitamin C can lead to scurvy, which is now uncommon, but can occur in infants under one year of age who are exclusively fed cow's milk. Fruits and vegetables are excellant sources of Vitamin C.


Iron is another mineral that is important for your child's growth. Having a diet with foods that are high in iron to meet daily requirements is necessary for the development of strong muscles and production of blood. It is generally good to choose foods high in iron. Younger children require about 10mg of iron each day, while older children and adolescents need about 12-15mg a day.


Calcium is a mineral that is mostly present in your child's bones. Having a diet with foods that are high in calcium to meet daily requirements is necessary for the development of strong bones. It is also an important way to prevent the development of osteoporosis in adults. Younger children require about 800mg of calcium each day, while older children and adolescents need about 1200-1500mg a day.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a fat soluble vitamin that is necessary for proper blood clotting. It can be deficient in some newborn babies, especially if they did not receive a Vitamin K shot after they were born and they are being breastfed.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is another fat soluble vitamin that can be deficient, causing Rickets, in some infants that are exclusively breastfed, especially if they have very dark skin or if they have limited exposure to sunlight. Vitamin D is mostly found in fortified foods, such as milk and infant formulas.
There was once thought to be little need for supplements of Vitamin D in most children if they have sunlight exposure, although the AAP now recommends that all children receive Vitamin D supplements..Infants and children who drink 16-17 ounces of formula or Vitamin D fortified milk won't need a supplement, but exclusively breastfed infants need to take 200 IU of Vitamin D each day.


All children need supplemental fluoride after they are six months old to help prevent cavities. For most children, they can get this fluoride from the water they drink, if they are in an area where the city water supply has an adequate amount of fluoride in it (greater than 0.6 ppm), and they are drinking tap water. Sources of water that generally don't have enough fluoride include well water and filtered or bottled water, although some brands of bottled water (or nursery water) do have fluoride added to it. Also, commercially prepared pre-mixed infant formulas do not contain an adequate amount of fluoride, so consider using a powder or concentrated formula and mixing it with tap water, supplement your infant with extra tap water, or talk to your Pediatrician about giving fluoride supplements. It is in general better to have your child drink water that is supplemented with fluoride instead of giving extra fluoride drops or supplements. Too much fluoride can cause fluorosis, which is permanent white to brown discoloration of the enamel of the teeth. It is easier to get fluorosis if you are giving your child fluoride drops and he is still getting fluoride from his diet.


Zinc is an important mineral, especially for adolescents, as it helps with growth and sexual maturation. Infants require about 3-5mg of zinc each day, while adolescents need about 10-15mg. Foods high in zinc include meats, seafood, dairy products, whole grains, breads and fortified cereals, nuts and dried beans.[4]



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